Auto-Carto IV, Volume 1

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Cartography and Computing: Applications in Health and Environment

November 4 - 8, 1979

Reston, Virginia


This fourth conference on automation in cartography was sponsored by the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, and the American Society of Photogrammetry, It was held in cooperation with the National Center for Health Statistics and the National Park Service. Robert T. Aangeenbrug from the University of Kansas served as the Conference Chairman. Principal liaison officer for the National Center for Health Statistics was David Slaby and for the National Park Service, Caby Smith. Executive Secretary for the conference was Karen Stolz from the University of Kansas. Special appreciation is given to the following conference committee members for their assistance during this symposium: Mary G. Clawson (DMA), Thelma Fowler (PHS), Stanley Leizear (DMA), Jack Foreman (NOAA), Matthew Tate (USGS), Karin Baker (NOAA), and Michael Metzgar (USGS).

Table of Contents


Front Page
Title Page
Monday Plenary Sessions
  Introduction 1
  Lessons Learned in Establishing Automated Cartographic Digital Data Bases 5
  The Beginnings of Medical Mapping 13
  U.S. Atlas of Mortality 22
  A Mechanism for Selecting Communities at High Risk for Cancer 26
  Display Technologies in Computer Aided Applications 33
  Cartography in 1990 40
  Future Directions of Computer Graphics (Abstract) 48
Tuesday Plenary Sessions
  Introduction 50
  Efficient Multi-Attribute Retrieval Over Very Large Geographical Data Files 54
  The Geometry of Possible/Impossible Maps 63
  Statistical Cartography: What Is It? 77
  A Survey of the Mathematics of Maps 82
  Digital Terrain Models: An Overview 97
  Tree Structures for Region Representation 108
  Interactive Mapping Software of the Domestic Information Display System 119
  Data Structures and Algorithms for Raster Data Processing 127
  Automated Cartography as an Aid to Define Protection Areas Against Air Traffic Noise 138
  Triangular Systems in Surface Representation 146
  VIDEO-Cartographic System 154
  The International Cartographic Association - An Overview 164
Wednesday Plenary Sessions
  Introduction 169
  The Evolution of Domestic Information Display Systems 172
  Obstacles to Accurate and Valid Geographic Assessment of Vital Event Data 188
  Automated Cartography in the National Parks Planning 198
  A Geological Survey Perspective on Digital Cartography 203
  Thoughts on Line Generalization 209
Thursday Plenary Sessions
  Introduction 222
  U.S.G.S. Digital Cartographic Data Base 225
  The Ascendancy of Digital Cartography in DMA's Future 236
  Large System Mapping and Related Data Base Experience 244
  National Soils Data Base From the Soil Conservation Service 250
  The 1980 Census Update: An Emphasis on Geographic Products and the Summary Tapes (Abstract) 262
  Interactive Map Design (Abstract) 263
  Interactive Compilation Using GIMMS 264
  Interactive Color Mapping 272
  Strategies of Real-Time Cartography 278
Rural Health Planning Sessions
  Introduction 289
  Cartography as an Aid for Targeting Federal Resources to Rural Areas 291
  Health and Coal Utilization in the Rural South: A Cartographic Approach 296
  Application of Domestic Information Display System to Alabama Infant Mortality 304
  A Comparison of Selected Cardiovascular Death Rates in Alabama by County of Occurrence: Implications for Rural Health Planning 310
Health Planning Sessions
  Introduction 322
  Medical Maps: Some Design Suggestions for Mapping Health/Disease Statistics 324
  A Graphics Oriented Computer System for Health Care Planning: Design and Development Principles 331
  A Micro-based Computer Mapping System: An Application in Health Planning 339
  The Application of Automated Statistical Mapping to Health Statistics 346
  Mapping the Predicted Need for Hospital Beds 353
Epidemiology Sessions
  Introduction 361
  Cartography and Computing Applications for Epidemiological Research in Britain 364
  PAREP: Populations at Risk to Environmental Pollution 369
  Dual Techniques for the Determination of Spatial Clustering of Mortality in Montreal, Quebec 377
  Monitoring Disease Diffusion Within an Automated Mapping Framework 385
  The Geochemistry of Disease: A Reawakening of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Disease Prevention 394
  Assembly - Line Research With Quality Control 403
  "Bring Out Yer Dead": A Cartographic Analysis of the Spread of the Black Death in London, England, 1665 411
  An Interactive Mapping and Analysis System for Use With Environmental and Health Data 422
Interactive Cartography, Small Systems Sessions
  Introduction 354
  Recent Advances in CIS Processing Techniques Using Color Graphics and Minicomputer Technology 356
  The Cartographic Potential of Low-Cost Color Computer Graphics Systems 364
  GIMMAP: A (Mini)Computer-Assisted Cartography System 372
  Moving Interactive Thematic Mapping From Mainframe to Mini: Some Design Possibilities and Development Experience 379
Cadastral Mapping Sessions
  Introduction 431
  Cadastral Aerial Maps and a Permanent Parcel Numbering System Tools for Local Government 433
  Property Appraiser's Mapping Project, Pinellas County, Florida 441
  City of Milwaukee Computer Graphics System - The First 18 Months 448
  Automated Land Records and Mapping in Local Government - A Case Study in San Diego 457
  Cost - Effective Digital Mapping: Burnaby's Success 464
Cartography Sessions
  Introduction 470
  Alternative Research Strategies and Map Reading 474
  Tactual Orientation/Mobility Maps Production and Testing 481
  Award Winning Map Designs 489
  The Benefits of Computer Assisted Cartography for Map Reading 496
  The Mortality Atlas of Canada Project 504
Natural Resource Systems Sessions
  Introduction 512
  The Use of a Biophysical (Ecological) Data Base for Park Planning 515
  Spatial Data Handling Systems for Natural Resources 524
  Geographic Information Systems: All That Glitters is Not Gold 541
  Joint State/Regional Environmental Planning Using the PEMSO/ADAPT Geographic Information System 546
  Applications of an Interactive Graphics Design System to Forest Inventory in British Columbia 554
  Issues in Natural Resource Systems 559
  A Simple Information Management Theory for Complex Geographic Data 563
  Application of Remote Sensing Technology to Monitoring the Shore-Line Dynamics of Seashore Parks 572
  Hydrologic Monitoring Systems for the U.S. National Park Service 584
  Design and Production Considerations for an International Conservation Atlas 597
  An Overview of the Canada Geographic Information System (CGIS) 610
Auto-Carto IV Staff and Committees 617
Author Index - Volume I 620

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