Auto-Carto XI

Proceedings of the International Symposium On Computer-Assisted Cartography

Minneapolis, Minnesota

October 30 - November 1, 1993


The Eleventh International Symposium on Computer-Assisted Cartography (Auto-Carto-11) continues the tradition of Auto Carto conferences dating back to the early 1970s. Auto-Carto has become internationally recognized for presenting state-of-the-art papers in digital cartography, the manipulation of spatial data, and geographic information systems. Traditionally,the Auto-Carto conferences have been held every other year and now are held in alternate years from the Spatial Data Handling conferences, sponsored by the IGU. Both of these conferences--Auto-Carto and Spatial Data Handling--focus on basic conceptual/theoretical research. This conference, scheduled at the Minneapolis Hilton from October 30th to November 1st, 1993, is being held directly before GIS/LIS'93. The forty-three papers accepted for publication in this volume were selected from over seventy abstracts submitted to the program committee in April of 1993.

Table of Contents

Title Page
Back of Title Page

Spatial Theory

  A Critical Comparison of the 4-Intersection and 9-Intersection Models for Spatial Relations: Formal Analysis 1
  Supporting Visual Interactive Locational Analysis Using Multiple Abstracted Topological Structures 12
  Beyond Spatio-temporal Data Models: A Model of GIS as a Technology Embedded in Historical Context 23
  Participatory Multi-Objective Decision-Making in GIS 33
User Interface Issues
  A Map Interface for Exploring Multivariate Paleoclimate Data 43
  Intelligent Analysis of Urban Space Patterns: Graphical Interfaces to Precedent Databases for Urban Design 53
  The Geographer's Desktop: A Direct-Manipulation User Interface for Map Overlay 63
Spatial Data Handling
  Empirical Comparison of Two Line Enhancement Methods 72
  Sampling and Mapping Heterogeneous Surfaces by Optimal Tiling 82
  Virtual Data Set -An Approach for the Integration of Incompatible Data 93
Object-Oriented Issues
  An Implementation Approach for Object-oriented Topographic Databases Using Standard Tools 103
  Conveying Object-Based Meta-Information 113
  EMAPS: An Extendable, Object-Oriented GIS 123
Spatial Theory II
  Feature Information Support and the SDTS Conceptual Data Model: Clarification and Extension 132
  Geographic Regions: A New Composite GIS Feature Type 145
  Pathways to Sharable Spatial Databases 157
  Formalizing Importance: Parameters for Settlement Selection from a Geographic Database 167
Multiple Representations
  Calculator: A GIS Control Panel for Extent, Scale and Size Manipulation 176
  Interface Design and Knowledge Acquisition for Cartographic Generalization 187
  Considerations for the Design of a Multiple Representation GIS 197
Visualization I
  From Computer Cartography to Spatial Visualization: A New Cartogram Algorithm 208
  Multivariate Regionalization: An Approach Using Interactive Statistical Visualization 218
  Visualization of Interpolation Accuracy 228
  Visualizing Geographic Data Through Animation 238
Terrain Representation
  Optimal Predictors for the Data Compression of Digital Elevation Models Using the Method of Lagrange Multipliers 246
  On the Integration of Digital Terrain and Surface Modeling into Geographic Information Systems 257
  Issues in Iterative TIN Generation to Support Large Scale Simulations 267
  An Integrated DTM-GIS Data Structure: A Relational Approach 278
Algorithmic Issues I
  Consequences Of Using A Tolerance Paradigm In Spatia Overlay 288
  Raster-to-Vector Conversion: A Trend Line Intersection Approach to Junction Enhancement 297
  Vector vs. Raster-based Algorithms for Cross Country Movement Planning 304
Three-Dimensional Modeling
  Spatial and Temporal Visualisation of Three-Dimensional Surfaces for Environmental Management 318
  Color Representation of Aspect AND Slope Simultaneously 328
  Three-Dimensional (3D) Modelling in a Geographical Database 338
  How Multimedia and Hypermedia Are Changing the Look of Maps 348
  Augmenting Geographic Information with Collaborative Multimedia Technologies 367
  Proactive Graphics and GIS: Prototype Tools for Query, Modeling and Display 377
  A Spatial-Object Level Organization of Transformations for Cartographic Generalization 386
  A Hybrid Line Thinning Approach 396
  Conflict Resolution in Map Generalization: A Cognitive Study 406
Parallel Computing
  Parallel Spatial Interpolation 414
  Implementing GIS Procedures on Parallel Computers: A Case Study 424
  Suitability of Topological Data Structures for Data Parallel Operations in Computer Cartography 434
  Author Index  

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