Auto-Carto XIII

Proceedings of the Annual Convention and Exposition Technical Papers

April 7 - 10, 1997

Seattle, Washington


This volume contains the papers of the Thirteen Annual Convention and Exposition Technical Papers. The papers appear in close adherence to the order of their appearance in the program, allowing for parallel sessions, in order to serve the registrants and speakers during the meeting well as to serve the wider audience as a contribution to the literature.

Table of Contents


Title Page  
Author Index  
Views of Operations in GIS  
  Toward a Network Map Algebra 1
  Higher Order Functions Necessary for Spatial Theory Development 11
  Integrating Traditional Spatial Models of the Environment with GIS 23
  Understanding Transformations of Geographic Information 33
Animation and Urban Change  
  The Augmented Scene: Integrating the Map and the Environment 42
  Improving Moving Maps: A System for Feature Selection Based on a New Cognitive Model 52
  Using Space/Time Transformations to Map Urbanization in Baltimore/Washington 56
  Modeling Urban Dynamics with Artificial Neural Networks and GIS 66
  An Evaluation of Classification Schemes Based on the Statistical versus the Spatial Structure Properties of Geographic Distributions in Choropleth Mapping 76
  Mapping Multivariate Spatial Relationships from Regression Trees by Partitions of Color Visual Variables 86
  How Many Regions? Toward a Definition of Regionalization Efficiency 96
  Reasoning-Based Strategies for Processing Complex Spatial Queries 106
Vision and Spatial Relationships  
  Spatial Metaphors for Visualizing Information Spaces 116
  GIS Icon Maps 126
Data Models  
  Spatial Data Models in Current Commercial RDBMS 136
  A Systematic Strategy for High Performance GIS 145
  Development of a Common Framework to Express Raster and Vector Datasets 155
Geometric Algorithms  
  Medial Axis Generalization of Hydrology Networks 164
  Visualizing Cartographic Generalization 174
Student Paper Competition  
  Cartographic Guidelines on the Visualization of Attribute Accuracy 184
  Exploring the Life of Screen Objects 195
  Shape Analysis hi GIS 204
  Linear-Time Sleeve-Fitting Polyline Simplification Algorithms 214
Public Participation GIS  
  Public Participation Geographic Information Systems 224
  Exploring the Solution Space of Semi-Structured Spatial Problems Using Genetic Algorithms 234
  A Public Participation Approach to Charting Information Spaces 244
  GIS, Society, and Decisions: A New Direction with SUDSS in Command? 254
  Data Quality Implications of Raster Generalization 267
  Automatic Iterative Generalization for Land Cover Data 277
  Efficient Settlement Selection for Interactive Display 287
Digital Libraries  
  Exploratory Access to Digital Geographic Libraries 297
  An Interactive Distributed Architecture for Geographical Modeling 307
Topological Processing  
  No Fuzzy Creep! A Clustering Algorithm for Controlling Arbitrary Node Movement 317
  Maintaining Consistent Topology Including Historical Data in a Large Spatial Database 327
  Simple Topology Generation from Scanned Maps 337
Projections and Global Tessalations  
  New Map Projection Paradigms 347
  Global Scale Data Model Comparison 357
  Digital Map Generalization Using a Hierarchical Coordinate System 367
Terrain Models and Algorithms  
  An Evaluation of Fractal Surface Measurement Methods Using ICAMS377 377
  Simulating and Displaying Surface Networks 387
  The Problem Contour in the Generation of Digital Topographic Maps 397
Global Change  
  A Method for Handling Data that Exhibit Mixed Spatial Variation 404
  Demography in Global Change Studies 416
  Interpolation Over Large Distances Using Spherekit 419
Society and GIS  
  Will Concern for Equity be a Defining Trend in LIS/GIS in the Next Decade? 429

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