Auto-Carto IX

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Computer-Assisted Cartography

April 2 - 7, 1989

Baltimore, Maryland


This volume contains papers from the Ninth International Symposium on Computer-Assisted Cartography held in Baltimore, Maryland. These Proceedings contain only those papers that were received in time for publication. Authors are listed in an alphabetical index for the convenience of the reader.

Table of Contents


Title Page  
Author Index  
Advanced Data Display  
  A Practical and Efficient Approach to the Stereoscopic Display and Manipulation of Cartographic Objects 1
  Visualization Techniques and Applications within GIS 5
  Two-Variable Color Mapping on a Microcomputer 15
Data Bases - A Continuous Process  
  Updating Urban Street Network Files with High Resolution Satellite Imagery 21
  Establishing a Corporate GIS Data Base from Multiple GIS Project Data Sets 874
GIS Education and Training  
  Education and Training in GIS: The View from ESRI 31
  Geographic Information System Teaching at ITC 38
  GIS-Related Education and Training at Siemens 47
  Cartographic Generalization in a Digital Environment: When and How to Generalize 56
  Conceptual Basis for Geographic Line Generalization 68
  Data Compression and Critical Points Detection Using Normalized Symmetric Scattered Matrix 78
Data Structures and Parallel Processing  
  Transputer-Based Parallel Processing for CIS Analysis: Problems and Potentialities 90
  Uniform Grids: A Technique for Intersection Detection on Serial and Parallel Machines 100
  A Geographic Data Model Based on HBDS Concepts: The IGN Cartographic Data Base Model 110
  Demonstration of Ideas in Fully Automatic Line Matching of Overlapping Map Data 118
Data Structures and Post-Processing for Digital Terrain  
  Topographic Grain Automated from Digital Elevation Models 128
  A Spatial Low-Pass Filter Working for Triangular Irregular Network (TIN) and Restricted by Break Lines 138
  A Compact Terrain Model Based on Critical Topographic Features 146
  A Shortest Path Method for Hierarchical Terrain Models 156
Topics in GIS and Automated Cartography  
  Hipparchus Data Structures: Points, Lines, and Regions in Spherical Voronoi Grid 164
  Interactive Analytical Displays for Spatial Decision Support Systems 171
  Automated Insetting: An Expert Component Embedded in the Census Bureau's Map Production System 181
  Accessing Spatiotemporal Data in a Temporal GIS 191
A GIS Curriculum for Universities  
  Components of Model Curricula Development for GIS in University Education 199
Automated Names Placement  
  Automated Names Placement in a Non-Interactive Environment 205
  An Expert System for Dense-Map Name Placement 215
  The Use of Artifical Intelligence in the Automated Placement of Cartographic Names 225
  Rule-Based Cartographic Name Placement with Prolog 231
Digital Terrain  
  The Development of Digital Slope-Aspect Displays 241
  Conversion of Contours, B. Shmutter and Y. Doytsher 245
  Relative Errors Identified in USGS Gridded DEMs 255
GIS Design: Examining the Alternatives  
  The Architecture of ARC/INFO, S. Morehouse, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. 266
  The Combinatorial Complexity of Polygon Overlay 278
  Pushbroom Algorithms for Calculating Distances in Raster Grids 288
  Spatial Adjacency - A General Approach, C.M. Gold 298
  Multiscale Data Models for Spatial Analysis, with Applications to Multifractal Phenomena 313
Three-dimensional GIS  
  Three-Dimensional GIS for the Earth Sciences 324
  National Capital Urban Planning Project: Development of a Three-Dimensional GIS Model 336
  GIS Future: Automated Cartography or Georelational Solid Modeling? 341
Data Capture Techniques  
  Spectral/Spatial Exploitation of Digital Raster Graphic Map Products for Improved Data Extraction 348
  Cartographic Data Capture Using CAD 357
  Tigris Mapper Viewed as a Digital Data Capturing Tool in Object Oriented Environment 367
  Data Capture for the Nineties: VTRAK 377
Environmental Applications of GIS  
  Polygon Overlay to Support Point Sample Mapping: The National Resources Inventory 384
  Hazardous Waste Disposal Site Selection Using Interactive GIS Technology 391
  Testing Large-Scale Digital Line Graphs and Digital Elevation Models in a Geographic Information System 397
Data Structures and Spatial Query Techniques  
  Quadtree Meshes 406
  Storage Methods for Fast Access to Large Cartographic Data Collections - An Empirical Study 416
  Solving Spatial Queries by Relational Algebra 426
Structuring Large Spatial Data Bases  
  Speculations on Seamless, Scaleless, Cartographic Data Bases 436
  Optimal Tiling for Large Cartographic Databases 444
  The Geographic Database - Logically Continuous and Physically Discrete 452
  Planetary Modeling via Hierarchical Tessellation 462
GIS Applications  
  Use of the 1:2,000,000 Digital Line Graph Data in Emergency Response 472
  Use of a Geographic Information System to Evaluate the Potential for Damage from Subsidence of Underground Mines in Illinois 483
International Perspectives  
  Digital Data: The Future for Ordnance Survey 493
  GIS, AM/FM, and Automated Cartography in Japan 505
  Trends of Computer-Assisted Cartography in Hungary and Eastern Europe 513
Quality Control Issues  
  Error in Categorical Maps: Testing versus Simulation 521
  Modeling Error for Remotely Sensed Data Input to GIS 530
Spatial Relations and Data Base Models  
  Concepts of Space and Spatial Language 538
  Geographic Information: Aspects of Phenomenology and Cognition 557
  GIS Support for Micro-Macro Spatial Modeling 567
  Context-Free Recursive-Descent Parsing of Location-Descriptive Text 580
Object-Oriented Approaches to GIS  
  Object-Oriented Modeling in GIS: Inheritance and Propagation 588
  Geographic Logical Database Model Requirements 599
Educational Tools for GIS  
  GIST: An Object-oriented Approach to a Geographical Information System Tutor 610
  DEMOGIS Mark 1: An ERDAS-Based GIS Tutor 620
Poster Session  
  Cartographic Analysis of U.S. Topography from Digital Data 631
  A Full Function GIS Editor 641
  A Study of Spatial Data Management and Analysis Systems 648
  Sliding Tolerance 3-D Point Reduction for Globograms 655
  A Reactive Data Structure for Geographic Information Systems 665
Challenges for the Future  
  Challenges Ahead for the Mapping Profession 675
  An On-line, Secure and Infinitely Flexible Data Base System for the National Population Census 684
Automated Mapping Applications  
  A Cartographic Extract of the TIGER File: Implications for Mapping Applications 697
  A Versatile Mapping System for the USGS 1:100,000 DLGs 705
  New York State's Digital County Mapping Program 715
  Vector-Based Computer Graphics in Automated Map Compilation 724
Standards and Their Use  
  First UNIX, then UGIX 735
  The South African Standard for the Exchange of Digital Geo-Referenced Information 745
  The Telecommunication of Map and Chart Data 754
GIS: Directions for the Future  
  The ESRC's Regional Research Laboratories: An Alternative Approach to the NCGIA? 764
  The Institutional Context of GIS: A Model for Development 775
GIS Performance  
  The Power of Symbology in the GIS World 781
  On the Design of Geographic Information System Procedures 789
  Performance Testing of Gridcell-Based GIS 798
  Use Error: The Neglected Error Component 808
System Design, Integration, and Application  
  Extending Entity/Relationship Formalism for Spatial Information Systems 818
  A Fully Integrated Geographic Information System 828
AM/FM and GIS  
  Spatial Tools for the Administration of Major Institutions 838
Displays for Spatial Data  
  Incorporating the Laborde Projection into an Existing Cartographic Software Package 850
  IBM PC Animation - Crude but Effective 858
  CAD: A Viable Alternative for Limited Cartographic and GIS Applications 867

This report is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, it is available for free download from Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Download the report (PDF, 59.0 MB)

Document Accessibility: Adobe Systems Incorporated has information about PDFs and the visually impaired. This information provides tools to help make PDF files accessible. These tools convert Adobe PDF documents into HTML or ASCII text, which then can be read by a number of common screen-reading programs that synthesize text as audible speech. In addition, an accessible version of Adobe Reader 8.0 for Windows (English only), which contains support for screen readers, is available. These tools and the accessible reader may be obtained free from Adobe at Adobe Access.